The professional profile: dermatologist
It has an area of one and a half to two square meters , making it the largest sensory organ in our body: the skin. It consists of three layers:
- Subcutaneous tissue
Just like other organs, the skin is susceptible to diseases such as acne, abscesses, eczema, warts, fungi, herpes, rashes, psoriasis and even cancer.
When it comes to the cure or treatment of these sometimes complex diseases, dermatologists are in demand. They are specialists in skin diseases .
They first examine their patients thoroughly and determine what form of the disease it is. In general, these can be classified into the following categories:
- Venous disease
- Diseases of the hair and nails
- Tumor diseases
- Venereal diseases
In order to be able to classify exactly which pathogen or clinical picture you are dealing with, dermatologists carry out various examinations, for example:
- Allergy tests
- Blood tests
- Taking a smear
- Ultrasound examination
- Hair analysis
- Assessment of skin diseases with the magnifying glass
- Microscopic examination of the skin
Once the diagnosis is made , the dermatologist initiates treatment. In the case of cancer, the entire tumor is cleared and removed in an outpatient operation , sometimes the patients also have to undergo chemotherapy . In other cases, the dermatologist treats skin changes or diseases with the help of medication , ointments , lasers or light .
The job prospects on the job market are good to very good. How well the job is compatible with the family, however, depends on the individual career of the dermatologist. Specialists who settle down, i.e. open their own practice, usually have well-structured working hours . In hospitals, where dermatologists often work, shift and emergency services dominate .
How do you become a dermatologist?
Budding dermatologists have a long way to go. First they complete a general education course in medicine , which lasts at least twelve semesters and ends with the second state examination .
In lectures, seminars and courses, they are taught the basics that will enable them to practice their future profession. This includes, for example, knowledge of disciplines such as chemistry, biology, physics, biochemistry and physiology. After the fourth semester, the preclinical part of the medical degree ends, which ends with the first medical examination.
This is followed by the clinical part. The curriculum now includes subjects such as general medicine, ophthalmology, surgery, dermatology, human genetics, internal medicine, neurology, orthopedics and pathology.
Semesters eleven and twelve are devoted to practice: the practical year is on the agenda. Prospective dermatologists complete it in the hospital in the following areas:
- Internal Medicine
- In a self-chosen area
The medical studies then conclude with the second part of the medical examination, the second state examination .
This is followed by a specialist medical degree, which takes another five years. During this time, budding dermatologists specialize in their field. Whereby the term specialist degree is a little misleading. Because job applicants no longer just go to the university bank, but complete their specialist training as an assistant, for example at a university hospital. After passing the specialist examination , you can officially bear the title of dermatologist in new delhi.
Employer: Who is looking for dermatologists
Dermatologists have several options for gaining a foothold in the world of work:
- Opening of your own practice
- Work in a hospital
- Work in rehabilitation clinics
Salary: what do you earn as a dermatologist?
What doctors earn in hospitals, for example, is regulated by collective agreements. The starting salary as a specialist in dermatology is between 3,700 and 4,200 euros gross per month, depending on the federal state . In the last year of specialist training, an average of around 4,500 euros per month will flow into the account.
After that, the income continues to rise:
- Senior physicians receive an average gross monthly salary of around 11,000 euros.
- Head physicians earn up to 22,000 euros gross per month.
The monthly income in the resident sector depends on the size of the practice. On average it ranges between 5,000 and 8,000 euros gross .
Entry Opportunities: The Prospects for Dermatologists
Dermatologists are currently represented in Germany in large cities and in rural areas. Still. Because in this area too, the shortage of skilled workers is leaving its first traces – as in many other medical specialties. This has meant that patients have to accept long waiting times .
Application: How do dermatologists score
The basic requirements for a successful career start as a dermatologist are, in addition to the Abitur, the completed medical degree, the completed specialist training, skills such as:
- Communication skills
- Sense of responsibility
- To be free from fear of contact
- Empathy in dealing with patients
The professional and social skills should be worked out accordingly in the curriculum vitae and in the other application documents .
Career: The Development Chances as a Dermatologist
Dermatologists can specialize in one of the following areas :
- Treatment of acute phenomena
- Treatment of allergic reactions
- Surgical interventions
- Skin cosmetic interventions and treatments
With increasing specialization, dermatologists pave the way for a sound specialist career .
Incorrect skin care
When the first small wrinkles appear, many women start using anti-aging products in their early 30s.
So they put a lot of skin care products on the face that can irritate the skin too much. Anyone who also treats the pimples at home with harsh washing gels can completely destroy the skin barrier – this can also trigger acne.
It is therefore important, especially with acne, to use a mild washing gel! The following ingredients are also comedogenic (i.e. they promote the development of pimples) and should therefore not be used on inflammatory skin:
- Cocoa butter
- Coconut, olive or peanut oil